Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the way the body uses food for growth and energy). Most of the food we eat is broken down to glucose (sugar). Glucose is the main source of energy for the body. To supply energy to the body, glucose has to get to your cells.
Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas, an organ behind the stomach. After eating, the pancreas releases the right amount of insuln, to move the glucose (sugar) present in your blood into the cells.
Type 1 Diabetes:
In Type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas does not produce any insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes:
In Type 2 Diabetes, either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the cells do not respond to the insulin (a condition called insulin resistance).
This is diabetes that occurs at pregnancy. Although gestational diabetes may disappear after the birth of the baby, it increases your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.
When you have diabetes, glucose (sugar) builds up in the blood, instead of moving into the cells. This increases your risk for serious complications like heart attack, stroke, or kidney failure. However, these complications can be prevented or delayed by good management and control of the blood glucose
The symptoms of diabetes may occur rapidly in Type 1 diabetes. In Type 2 diabetes, the symptoms may be mild and go unnoticed. You may have type 2 diabetes for years without even knowin. As time goes on, there is a buildup of glucose in your body. Your body will aqttempt to get rid of the excess glucose through urination. Some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes are:
- Blurred vision
- excessive thirst
- Unexplained tiredness
- Frequent Urination
- Rapid weight loss without trying
- Dry and itchy skin
- Feeling numb or tingling in your hand and feet
- Sexual problems
- Wounds that are slow to heal
Keep in mind that you may not have any signs and symptoms, initially.
No. Diabetes can not be cured at present. However, it can be managed and controlled to prevent or delay complications. Researchers continue to look for ways to manage, prevent or cure the disorder. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you should continue to see your healthcare provider to help you manage your diabetes.